Značka: Vitalik Buterin

Vitalik Buterin suggests making NFTs 'soulbound' like World of Warcraft items

In a blog post published Wednesday, Vitalik Buterin, co-founder of Ethereum (ETH), expressed his wishes to make nonfungible tokens, or NFTs, soulbound as with the namesake item class in popular MMORPG World of Warcraft, or WoW. In outlining his reasons, Buterin explained that if someone shows they own an NFT that is obtainable by doing X, such as attending an auction, it is not possible to tell if the person actually obtained it from the auction themselves in attendance or simply bought the NFT via the secondary market.An example of a soulbound item in WoW | Source: Blizzard WatchThe soulbound feature in WoW prevents an item from being traded, mailed, or sold at the in-game Auction House to other players. It was designed by developers to prevent “twinking” or passing down gear from high-level to low-level characters to dramatically speed up the grinding process of fighting monsters to gain experience. However, they also serve the purpose of demonstrating achievement; that is, the character earned the item by defeating challenging bosses and not via an heirloom. The latter property seems to be of interest to Buterin, as the Ethereum co-founder raised the point that on-chain proposals to store driver’s licenses, university degrees, etc., would face problems if someone who doesn’t meet the necessary conditions can readily purchase them.Buterin also spoke highly of the “proof of attendance protocol” project POAP, which stores digital mementos of one’s life on-chain, and issues a unique badge supported by a cryptographic record. The team behind the project encourages developers who care about transferability to check “on-chain if the current owner is the same address as the original owner.” But like soulbound items in WoW, taking away the transferability of NFTs would also presumably take away their commercial viability.

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Crypto Stories: Vitalik Buterin talks creating Ethereum in previously unreleased 2014 interview

The latest episode of Cointelegraph’s Crypto Stories featured never-before-heard audio from an exclusive interview with Vitalik Buterin, recorded at a conference in Hong Kong in 2014. In this animated short, viewers can learn about the origin story of Ethereum (ETH), the world’d second-largest cryptocurrency by market capitalization, straight from the founder himself.[embedded content]Back in 2011, while Buterin was a student at the University of Waterloo, he first heard about Bitcoin from his tech entrepreneur father. However, he didn’t take the decentralized currency seriously until began participating in Bitcoin forums created by Satoshi Nakamoto. In Buterin’s own search to learn about Bitcoin, he became a writer for the now defunct Bitcoin Weekly website where he got paid 5 BTC per article, or $4 at the time, said Buterin.Related: Finance Redefined: Vitalik bearish on cross-chain, dYdX decentralizing, Jan. 7–14Next he took his newfound journalism skills to join Mihai Alisie in co-founding Bitcoin Magazine. Their first issue was published in May 2012, according to the publication’s website, and the magazine is now owned by BTC Media. Buterin decided to withdraw from his university studies in 2013 at 19 years old to pursue working on blockchain-related projects full-time while traveling around the world. Throughout this time, he realized that cryptocurrency could be used for “more than just money” and should allow for more “freedom.” Buterin’s dream was to develop a blockchain with a built-in programming language and thus Ethereum was born, with the help of Mihai Alisie and others. The project was officially announced in January 2014.Related: How a young rebel started Thailand’s leading crypto exchange | Crypto Stories Ep. 1To read more about Ethereum, check out Cointelegraph’s Ethereum 101 guides and an in-depth profile on Buterin. 

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Industry players respond to Vitalik Buterin's thoughts on cross-chain ecosystems

Last week, Vitalik Buterin, Ethereum (ETH)’s co-founder, voiced his disapproval regarding the emergence of cross-chain bridges, citing security vulnerabilities due to their interdependency. In the days that followed, however, developers working on cross-chain technologies largely dismissed his skepticism. In a statement to Cointelegraph, Kadan Stadelmann, chief technology officer of atomic swap blockchain Komodo, responded to Vitalik’s critique:”What we ultimately need is true decentralization. For example, instead of relying on one or two trusted bridges that have a single point of failure, it would be better to work towards a future where we have numerous bridges that are secure, trustless and censorship-resistant.”Erik Ashdown, head of ecosystem growth at data analytics and blockchain indexer Covalent, concurred:Vitalik is a smart cookie who’s clearly done his thinking about the state of bridges. However, his saying that bridges are a bad idea and won’t work is the equivalent of the Bitcoin community in 2015 saying Ethereum and smart contracts were a bad idea.Stadelmann further reiterated that “cross-chain interoperability is the future” and that both multi-chain ecosystem networks like Polkadot (DOT) and Cosmos (ATOM), as well as atomic decentralized exchanges, could disrupt the economic size of Ethereum. In supporting the claim, Stadelmann cites expensive gas fees on the blockchain as to why users would prefer alternatives.Nevertheless, there are unresolved issues surrounding cross-chain blockchains. Ashdown cites one example of the composability of a smart contract, where sending a token across one bridge will not have the same contract address if it crosses from another bridge. This means that anyone else sending a token across another bridge will not be able to interact with the original tokens sent from the main bridge.

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‘We are 50% of the way there,’ says Vitalik on Ethereum’s development

Vitalik Buterin has walked listeners through a five-part roadmap on the latest Bankless podcast where he outlined the necessary steps for Ethereum to survive and thrive. In order to achieve ultimate scalability and decentralization, Butalik claimed that Ethereum needs to be more agile and more lightweight in terms of blockchain data so that more people can manage and use it.At the beginning of December, Buterin also published an article titled “Endgame” where he makes the case that all blockchains will ultimately converge in the future, while listing the tools that would allow for block verification to happen in a decentralized and censorship resistant way.[embedded content]The first step is called the merge, referring to the full transition away from proof-of-work to proof-of-stake, taking place in the first half of 2022. Part two, called the surge, plans to give Ethereum increased scalability, massive bandwidth and throughput, particularly on zk-rollups. The merge and the surge are the most important upgrades, according to Buterin, to building out the Ethereum network.When asked to evaluate Ethereum’s progress made so far in the past six years, Buterin asserted that “we are 50% of the way there” thanks to the launch of the Beacon chain, the London hard fork and even the rise of NFTs. But there is still a long way to go. Once the merge and surge go through, and there is full sharding implementation, then it will supposedly be 80% complete. The roadmap, which is estimated to take another six years to complete, will lead to 100% optimization, according to Buterin.The next phases include the verge, enabling more users to run nodes and essentially “democratizing access to the broadest number of participants possible to anyone and everyone who wants to verify the validity of the chain,” said Buterin. Following the verge, are the purge and splurge phases, referring to the elimination of historical data and the addition of miscellaneous upgrades, respectively. Related: Ethereum white paper predicted DeFi but missed NFTs: Vitalik ButerinButerin summarized his ideal scenario for an Eth2 that doesn’t sacrifice decentralization for scalability:“Leave the past in the past and create an Ethereum that actually becomes simpler and simpler over time.” Buterin admitted that Etherum is “not yet the layer-one system that is ready for direct mass adoption,” while reiterating the need for layer-two scaling solutions and reduced transaction fees. He does, however, note the “amazing” progress that Ethereum has seen in layer-two scaling over the past year and the community behind it that is “willing to continue fighting for it.”In addition to scalability, another theme that Buterin emphasized is security and the safety measures around the upgrades. He compared blockchain building to the development of a city. Just as the police and the military work to defend their city or nation, so do blockchain users act as the security guards watching for attackers. And as cities expand or blocks get added to the chain, the more security that is needed. Currently, Ethereum runs on about 2.6 megabytes per second of blockchain data, according to Buterin. He claimed that once Ethereum has the ability to add more bandwidth and increase the user base, “the more defenders will be able to run nodes and to verify that everything is going okay.”Related: 3 reasons why Ethereum can reach $5,000 in Q1Ethereum stands as the world’s second-largest cryptocurrency in terms of market capitalization, at $454 billion at the time of publication, making its journey to completion one of high-stakes. Below is a copy of the roadmap that Buterin posted to Twitter last month.Happy birthday beacon chain!Here’s an updated roadmap diagram for where Ethereum protocol development is at and what’s coming in what order.(I’m sure this is missing a lot, as all diagrams are, but it covers a lot of the important stuff!) pic.twitter.com/puWP7hwDlx— vitalik.eth (@VitalikButerin) December 2, 2021

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Ethereum white paper predicted DeFi but missed NFTs: Vitalik Buterin

Rounding up the last decade, Ethereum co-founder Vitalik Buterin revisited his predictions made over the years, showcasing a knack for being right about abstract ideas than on-production software development issues. Buterin started the Twitter thread by addressing his article dated Jul. 23, 2013 in which he highlighted Bitcoin’s (BTC) key benefits — internationality and censorship resistance. Buterin foresaw Bitcoin’s potential in protecting the citizens’ buying power in countries such as Iran, Argentina, China and Africa. However, Buterin also noticed a rise in stablecoin adoption as he saw Argentinian businesses operating in Tether (USDT). He backed up his decade-old ideas around the negative impacts of Bitcoin regulation.My views today: sure, Bitcoin’s decentralization would let it still *survive* under a super-hostile regulatory climate, but it could not *thrive*. Successful censorship resistance strategy requires a combination of technological robustness and public legitimacy.— vitalik.eth (@VitalikButerin) January 1, 2022The entrepreneur still believes that “the internet of money should not cost more than 5 cents per transaction” and highlighted Ethereum’s continued efforts to improve the blockchain’s scalability capabilities.5. I should also add that the core *idea* of sharding has survived unscathed.Blockchain 1.0: each node downloads everything, have consensusBitTorrent: each node downloads only a few things, but no consensusIdeal: BitTorrent-like efficiency but with blockchain-like consensus— vitalik.eth (@VitalikButerin) January 1, 2022

“I liked altcoins before altcoins were cool,” added Buterin citing an article where he based this claim via three arguments: different chains optimize for different goals, costs of having many chains are low and need of an alternative in case the core development team is wrong. On the flipside, Buterin backtracked on his support for Bitcoin Cash (BCH), stating that communities formed around a rebellion, even if they have a good cause, often have a hard time long term, adding that “they value bravery over competence and are united around resistance rather than a coherent way forward.”11. Applications envisioned in the Ethereum whitepaper:https://t.co/6HCoO2CSW8* ERC20-style tokens* Algorithmic stablecoins* Domain name systems (like ENS)* Decentralized file storage and computing* DAOs* Wallets with withdrawal limits* Oracles* Prediction markets— vitalik.eth (@VitalikButerin) January 1, 2022

“A lot correct (basically predicted “DeFi”), though incentivized file storage + compute hasn’t taken off that much (yet?), and of course I completely missed NFTs.”Concluding the findings, Buterin supported the instincts that helped him correct mistakes early on, stating: “On tech, I was more often right on abstract ideas than on production software dev issues. Had to learn to understand the latter over time.”Related: Vitalik Buterin outlines ‘endgame’ roadmap for ETH 2.0In early December, Buterin shared his vision for a “plausible roadmap” for ETH 2.0, suggesting “a second tier of staking, with low resource requirements” for distributed block validation. Additionally, he proposed the introduction of fraud-proof or ZK-SNARKS that can serve as a cheaper alternative for users to check block validity. According to Buterin:“[With these updates] We get a chain where block production is still centralized, but block validation is trustless and highly decentralized, and specialized anti-censorship magic prevents the block producers from censoring.”

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Dogecoin Foundation works with Ethereum co-founder on DOGE staking

The Dogecoin Foundation, a non-profit organization behind the meme-based cryptocurrency Dogecoin (DOGE), is working on a staking mechanism in collaboration with Ethereum co-founder Vitalik Buterin.The Foundation on Thursday released its Dogecoin Trailmap or a “dog-walk” that the Dogecoin Foundation is committed to exploring and which it believes would contribute to Dogecoin’s success.As part of the trailmap, the Dogecoin Foundation is working with Buterin on building a “uniquely Doge proposal” for a “community staking” version of proof-of-stake (PoS).Such a version would allow all Dogecoin users to stake their DOGE and get extra tokens for supporting the network, the Dogecoin Foundation said:“[The PoS version] will allow everyone, not just the big players to participate in a way that rewards them for their contribution to running the network, and at the same time gives back to the whole community through charitable causes.”As previously reported by Cointelegraph, the Dogecoin Foundation reestablished its project in August 2021 after six years of almost zero media activity. As part of the new team, the foundation listed advisory board members, including Buterin, Dogecoin co-founder Billy Markus and Dogecoin core developer Max Keller. Tesla CEO and major DOGE fan Elon Musk’s interests were reportedly set to be represented by Neuralink CEO Jared Birchall.“As you can imagine, setting off on such an adventure is not a small feat and we are still just getting started. We already have some influential friends on our side and a growing group of people who are getting ready to contribute development time to these open-source projects,” the latest post from the foundation reads.Related: Dogecoin and Ether rank in top 10 news searches on Google in 2021Dogecoin was founded in 2014 by software engineers Billy Markus and Jackson Palmer, who created DOGE’s payment system with an idea of a “joke.” The Dogecoin Foundation ceased to be active shortly after its founders left the project.

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Vitalik Buterin outlines ‘endgame’ roadmap for ETH 2.0

Ethereum co-founder Vitalik Buterin has outlined his vision for a “plausible roadmap” for Eth2, presenting a future where the largest smart-contract platform can increase its scalability while meeting high standards for trustlessness and censorship resistance. In a Monday post titled “Endgame,” Buterin presented a thought experiment for how the average big blockchain — defined by very high block frequency, high block size and thousands of transactions per second — can still be considered sufficiently trustless and censorship-resistant. The obvious trade-off for this level of scalability is the centralization of block production. Buterin’s solutions, as presented in the blog post, do not address the centralization issue, but still provide a roadmap for implementation. [embedded content]With respect to the solutions, Buterin suggested “a second tier of staking, with low resource requirements,” to carry out distributed block validation; “introduce either fraud proof or ZK-SNARKS to let users directly (and cheaply) check block validity” directly; “introduce data availability sampling to let users check block availability [and] add secondary transaction channels to prevent censorship.”With these updates, “We get a chain where block production is still centralized, but block validation is trustless and highly decentralized, and specialized anti-censorship magic prevents the block producers from censoring,” Buterin explained. Related: Vitalik Buterin proposes calldata limit per block to lower ETH gas costsButerin said block production would remain centralized even with the implementation of so-called “rollups,” which are layer-two solutions that execute transactions outside of the main Ethereum chain. (Interestingly, Buterin presented a rollup-centric roadmap for Ethereum in October 2020). “No single rollup succeeds at holding anywhere close to the majority of Ethereum activity. Instead, they all top out at a few hundred transactions per second,” he said. While it may appear that rollups could contribute to distributed block production, decentralization may not last because of the possibility of cross-domain maximal extractable revenue, or MEV. As the name implies MEV refers to the maximum amount of value that can be earned from block production in excess of standard block rewards and gas fees. The Ethereum co-founder concluded that there’s a high probability that block production will ned up centralized regardless of the path to scalability that the network takes. The benefit of Ethereum’s rollup-centric roadmap is that it’s open to all futures, he said. Eth2 isn’t going to solve all of society’s challenges, but its design is well suited to empower people to solve them together, argues @ViktorBunin https://t.co/JhBvyVjr49— Cointelegraph (@Cointelegraph) April 24, 2021Excitement surrounding ethereum has been building since November 2020 when the protocol first embarked on its long transition to proof-of-stake. The highly anticipated London hard fork, which puts ETH on track to become a deflationary asset, was implemented in August of this year. The hard fork introduced EIP-1559, which aims to reform the network’s fee market. As Cointelegraph reported, over 1 million ETH has already been burned since the EIP-1559 came into effect.

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